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It can be difficult to determine whether a shipment of artifacts was recently looted, law-enforcement officials told Live Science. Audits are occasionally conducted on shipments, but the spokesperson declined to say how often they occur.In addition, the actual resale value of the shipments may be higher, because the values seen in the documents are simply those that importers declared, a spokesperson for U. [See Photos of the Artifacts from Egypt and Turkey] Egypt has experienced extensive looting since the country's 2011 revolution.Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.Modern Egypt dates back to 1922, when it was granted independence by the British Empire as a monarchy."Middlemen are experts in making looted and smuggled antiquities look like they are part of the legitimate market by cleaning and restoring them and creating forged paperwork that makes it seem like Egypt gave permission for its export," Thompson told Live Science last year in an email. Raedy told Live Science that the agency has an attaché in Cairo who sends information about stolen artifacts and looted archaeological sites.In addition to Customs and Border Protection, which patrols the U. ICE officials have noticed that those who bring looted or stolen artifacts into the United States tend to hold on to them for years before trying to sell them, Raedy said.Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest.
The country continues to face challenges from terrorism, political unrest, and economic underdevelopment.Following the 1952 revolution, Egypt declared itself a republic, and in 1958 it merged with Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961.Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 19, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.He enjoys reading about new research and is always looking for a new historical tale.Kimi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.